Written for Scam Artist Piece

Here is the first of my previously talked about articles that were stolen by a scam artist. I will be posting them in reverse order of when they were written in hopes of exposing this person earlier rather than later. This fraud even had the gaul to ask for an additional 30 words to be added even though I met the original word count.

Traverse City Michigan; Rich with Scenery Surrounded with History

The abundant history of Traverse City Michigan extends long before it was officially traverse-city-2christened into a town in 1852 and has continued well past that date making it one of the country’s most beautiful historic cities for visitors and locals alike.

The Early Beginnings

Long before there were settlers or cities in this region fur traders, hunters, trackers, and Native American Indians used to travel through these scenic lands. The lush lands and massive waterways provided excellent terrain for their fishing, hunting, and trapping needs. The dense forestry provided them with temporary shelter as they gathered their provisions, but the seclusion kept them from settling in this region.

In 1839 was when the first settlement came to the area making its home on the Old Mission Peninsula, but it wouldn’t be for another eight years, until 1847, that anyone would begin a community along the neighboring Boardman River. It was this community that was finally declared to be Traverse City, Michigan five years after that in 1852.

Although Traverse City, Michigan was technically a town, it was really an outpost that was only accessible by water until 1864, when the first road was cut through the surrounding forests connecting it to the outside world.

Expansion Continues

After the main road was finally built creating more access to Traverse City in 1864, the town continued to grow as it became a regular steamer connection with Chicago in 1871 and then on November 15, 1872 became connected by railroad to Grand Rapids, Michigan, and Indiana.

The 1800’s were a great time of expansion as the first Ladies Library was established, an official Courthouse replaced the old log jailhouse, they built a fire station, and in the late 1800’s even became home to the Northern Michigan Asylum for the Insane, and the first City Opera house.

The 1900’s brings with it the Modern Age

Expansion into the modern age and the self-proclaimed title of “Cherry Capitol of the world” were what the 1900’s brought to Traverse City, Michigan. The first Cherry Blossom Festival took place on May 22, in 1925 and it still continues today; drawing in more than 500,000 tourists to this event that was originally a partnership between local businessmen and the cherry farmers in order to spark commerce in the region.

traverse-city-miAs the commerce grew and the population increased so did social entertainment venues such as the first zoo in 1934. City improvements such as sewer systems, traffic lights, and the first Ford dealership, and gas station were built, turning this once tiny out post into a full fledged city.

Traverse City Now

You can still see the historic past within the architecture and atmosphere when traveling to Traverse City, Michigan. They have stayed connected to their past and true to their heritage by preserving the historic buildings that their city was built with. Their small town roots permeate this now big metropolis with little bits and pieces of historic artifacts scattered throughout the city; proudly remembering all of those who built this beautiful town with their blood, sweat, and tears through more than one hundred and fifty years of expansion and progress to become the city it is today.

An Irish Mutt’s History Lesson-Stop the Hate

With all the hatred, violence, and racism happening these days I felt it important to point out that people of color are not the only ones with an oppressive history in this country. But, some have chosen to move forward towards a better way of life rather than perpetuate racism and hatred and remain in the mind sets of the past. This article by Ron Dwyer puts a lot of things in perspective for anyone willing to read it with an open mind.
IRISH: THE FORGOTTEN WHITE SLAVES They came as slaves: human cargo transported on British ships bound for the Americas. They were shipped by the
hundreds of thousands and included men, women, and even the youngest of children.
Whenever they rebelled or even disobeyed an order, they were punished in the harshest ways. Slave owners would hang their human property by their hands and set their hands or feet on fire as one form of punishment. Some were burned alive and had their heads placed on pikes in the marketplace as a warning to other captives.

We don’t really need to go through all of the gory details, do we? We know all too well the atrocities of the African slave trade.

But are we talking about African slavery? King James VI and Charles I also led a continued effort to enslave the Irish. Britain’s Oliver Cromwell furthered this practice of dehumanizing one’s next door neighbor.

The Irish slave trade began when James VI sold 30,000 Irish prisoners as slaves to the New World. His Proclamation of 1625 required Irish political prisoners be sent overseas and sold to English settlers in the West Indies.

By the mid 1600s, the Irish were the main slaves sold to Antigua and Montserrat. At that time, 70% of the total population of Montserrat were Irish slaves.

Ireland quickly became the biggest source of human livestock for English merchants. The majority of the early slaves to the New World were actually white.

From 1641 to 1652, over 500,000 Irish were killed by the English and another 300,000 were sold as slaves. Ireland’s population fell from about 1,500,000 to 600,000 in one single decade.

Families were ripped apart as the British did not allow Irish dads to take their wives and children with them across the Atlantic. This led to a helpless population of homeless women and children. Britain’s solution was to auction them off as well.

During the 1650s, over 100,000 Irish children between the ages of 10 and 14 were taken from their parents and sold as slaves in the West Indies, Virginia and New England. In this decade, 52,000 Irish (mostly women and children) were sold to Barbados and Virginia.

Another 30,000 Irish men and women were also transported and sold to the highest bidder. In 1656, Cromwell ordered that 2000 Irish children be taken to Jamaica and sold as slaves to English settlers.

Many people today will avoid calling the Irish slaves what they truly were: Slaves. They’ll come up with terms like “Indentured Servants” to describe what occurred to the Irish. However, in most cases from the 17th and 18th centuries, Irish slaves were nothing more than human cattle.

As an example, the African slave trade was just beginning during this same period. It is well recorded that African slaves, not tainted with the stain of the hated Catholic theology and more expensive to purchase, were often treated far better than their Irish counterparts.

African slaves were very expensive during the late 1600s (£50 Sterling). Irish slaves came cheap (no more than £5 Sterling). If a planter whipped, branded or beat an Irish slave to death, it was never a crime. A death was a monetary setback, but far cheaper than killing a more expensive African.

The English masters quickly began breeding the Irish women for both their own personal pleasure and for greater profit. Children of slaves were themselves slaves, which increased the size of the master’s free workforce.

Even if an Irish woman somehow obtained her freedom, her kids would remain slaves of her master. Thus, Irish mothers, even with this new found emancipation, would seldom abandon their children and would remain in servitude.

In time, the English thought of a better way to use these women to increase their market share: The settlers began to breed Irish women and girls (many as young as 12) with African men to produce slaves with a distinct complexion. These new “mulatto” slaves brought a higher price than Irish livestock and, likewise, enabled the settlers to save money rather than purchase new African slaves.

This practice of interbreeding Irish females with African men went on for several decades and was so widespread that, in 1681, legislation was passed “forbidding the practice of mating Irish slave women to African slave men for the purpose of producing slaves for sale.” In short, it was stopped only because it interfered with the profits of a large slave transport company.

England continued to ship tens of thousands of Irish slaves for more than a century. Records state that, after the 1798 Irish Rebellion, thousands of Irish slaves were sold to both America and Australia. There were horrible abuses of both African and Irish captives. One British ship even dumped 1,302 slaves into the Atlantic Ocean so that the crew would have plenty of food to eat.

There is little question the Irish experienced the horrors of slavery as much (if not more, in the 17th Century) as the Africans did. There is also little question that those brown, tanned faces you witness in your travels to the West Indies are very likely a combination of African and Irish ancestry.

In 1839, Britain finally decided on it’s own to end its participation in Satan’s highway to hell and stopped transporting slaves. While their decision did not stop pirates from doing what they desired, the new law slowly concluded this chapter of Irish misery.

But, if anyone, black or white, believes that slavery was only an African experience, then they’ve got it completely wrong. Irish slavery is a subject worth remembering, not erasing from our memories.

But, why is it so seldom discussed? Do the memories of hundreds of thousands of Irish victims not merit more than a mention from an unknown writer?

Or is their story to be the one that their English masters intended: To completely disappear as if it never happened.
None of the Irish victims ever made it back to their homeland to describe their ordeal. These are the lost slaves; the ones that time and biased history books conveniently forgot.

Interesting historical note: the last person killed at the Salem Witch Trials was Ann Glover. She and her husband had been shipped to Barbados as a slave in the 1650’s. Her husband was killed there for refusing to renounce catholicism.
In the 1680’s she was working as a housekeeper in Salem. After some of the children she was caring for got sick she was accused of being a witch.
At the trial they demanded she say the Lord’s Prayer. She did so, but in Gaelic, because she didn’t know English. She was then hung.

To learn more you can go to the following sources: http://settingrecordstraight.blogspot.com/2015/03/irish-forgotten-white-slaves.html